Yosaphat Sudarso

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Excerpt from Wikipedia:
Commodore Yosaphat "Yos" Sudarso
Born: Salatiga, 24 November 1925. Died: Aru Sea, 15 Januari 1962.

Yos Sudarso was an Indonesian naval officer killed in a battle between Dutch and Indonesian vessels. At the time of his death, Yos Sudarso was deputy chief of staff of the Indonesian Navy and in charge of an action to infiltrate Dutch New Guinea.

The battle near Vlakke Hoek (Etna Bay) of the Arafura Sea stopped an attempt by the Indonesian Navy to drop off 150 soldiers in Kaimana in Dutch New Guinea for sabotage and to incite the local population against the Dutch government. Yos Sudarso was in charge of the operation at sea, while colonel Murshid commanded the infiltrates. Three torpedo boats left the Aru Islands in the middle of the night but were intercepted by a Dutch reconnaissance plane, as the Dutch had anticipated the action for weeks. The torpedo boats responded to the flares sent off by the plane by shooting at it. The Dutch frigate HMS Evertsen then joined the scene and sunk the KRI Macan Tutul (English: Leopard), commanded by Sudarso. The other two ships, KRI Macan Kumbang (English: Black Panther) and KRI Harimau (English: Tiger), fled, but one hit a reef and the other was disabled by shooting. The Evertsen was able to save most occupants of the Macan Tutul, but at least three sailors died, among whom was commodore Sudarso.

The small battle was partially responsible for the subsequent involvement of the Soviet Union and United States in the case of Dutch New Guinea, and it is honored in Indonesia by "Sea Sacrifice Day," an annual nation-wide day of remembrance.

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